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Attendance at Religious Services

This measures how frequently respondents attend places of worship.  It is debatable how much measurement error is present in self-reported attendance, as people tend to over-estimate their participation (see Hadaway et al. 1993; Hout and Greeley 1998; Pressler and Stinson 1998; Smith 1998).

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Hadaway, C. Kirk, Penny Marler and Mark Chaves.  1993.  “What the Polls Don’t Show: A Closer Look at U.S. Church Attendance.”  American Sociological Review 58:741-752.

Hout, Michael and Andrew Greeley.  1998.  “What Church Officials’ Reports Don’t Show: Another Look at Church Attendance Data.”  American Sociological Review 63(1):113-119.

Pressler, Stanley and Linda Stinson.  1998.  “Data Collection Mode and Social Desirability Bias in Self-Reported Religious Attendance.”  American Sociological Review 63(1):137-145.

Smith, Tom W. 1998. “A Review of Church Attendance Measures.” American Sociological Review 63(1):131-136.


Several files in theARDA’s Data Archive have examples of this Measure.

Attend – 2008 General Social Survey (similar measures available in previous waves)

Q5 – 2005 Baylor Religion Survey

ATTEND1 – 2003 National Study of Youth and Religion (similar measures available in subsequent waves)

I-ATTEND – American National Election Studies, Cumulative Data File, 1948-2004

Attend – Spirit and Power: A 10 Country Study of Pentecostals

Attend – 2005 Gallup Poll of Catholics

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Several files in theARDA's Data Archive have examples of this Measure.
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