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Social Encapsulation

The situation when a high fraction of friendships or other social relations of members of a religious group are with fellow members rather than outsiders.  This sometimes also referred to as the “density” of one’s social network.  It has been noted that social encapsulation tends to increase as a religious group’s level of tension with the surrounding socio-cultural environment increases.

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Stark, Rodney and William S. Bainbridge.  1980.  “Networks of Faith: Interpersonal Bonds and Recruitment to Cults and Sects.”  American Journal of Sociology 85(6):1376-1395.

The following are possible measures of Social Encapsulation that can be created using data from theARDA.com
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