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Sect

This refers to a religious organization with beliefs and practices associated with an established religious tradition, but with particularly intense or strict regulations regarding group membership.  A sect can be recognized by its association with the tradition of the majority of people in a given context, but whose members consider their faith to be more intense, pure, and consistent.  Sectarian groups typically have a high degree of ideological exclusivity and behavioral strictness

Citations:

Johnson, Benton.  1961.  “On Church and Sect.”  American Sociological Review 28(4):539-549.

Stark, Rodney and William Sims Bainbridge.  1979.  “Of Churches, Sects, and Cults.”  Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 18:117-133.

Troeltsch, Ernst.  1932.  The Social Teaching of the Christian Churches.  Translation by Olive Wyon.  New York, NY: Macmillan.

The following are possible measures of Sect that can be created using data from theARDA.com
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