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Religious Seeker

The state of a person who is unsatisfied with her currently available religious affiliation and is carrying out exchanges in search of a more satisfying affiliation, belief system, or practice.  Roof reported that seekers are characterized by a “quest” or journey mentality regarding religion.  The term is also typically associated with those particularly interested in “spirituality” and internal religious pursuits.  Some religious organizations have begun to adopt this language and attempt to be “seeker-friendly.”


Batson, C. Daniel and Patricia A. Schoenrade.  1991.  “Measuring Religion as Quest: Validity Concerns.”  Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 30(4):416-429.

Houtman, Dick and Stef Aupers.  2007.  “The Spiritual Turn and the Decline of Tradition: The Spread of Post-Christian Spirituality in 14 Western Countries.”  Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 46(3):305-320.

Roof, Wade Clark.  1993.  A Generation of Seekers: The Spiritual Journeys of the Baby Boom Generation.  San Francisco, CA: Harper San Francisco.

Roof, Wade Clark.  1999. Spiritual Marketplace: Baby Boomers and the Remaking of American Religion. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.

Wuthnow, Robert.  1998. After Heaven: Spirituality in America Since the 1950s.  Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.

The following are possible measures of Religious Seeker that can be created using data from theARDA.com
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