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Religious Regulation

“The restrictions placed on the practice, profession, or selection of religion” (Grim and Finke, 2007:636).  Critical issues involved in assessing the amount of religious regulation in a given context include the level of separation or establishment between church and state, as well as the level of repression and coercion used against particular religious traditions.  The religious economies perspective posits that less regulation of religious markets results in greater overall levels of adherence, because the market can function freely and therefore meet a wider diversity of religious demand.  Conversely, greater regulation of religion is posited as leading to monopolistic religious firms that do not need to compete as rigorously for adherents and that will therefore have less interest in serving the needs of a wide variety of parishioners.

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Froese, Paul.  2008.  The Plot to Kill God: Findings From the Soviet Experiment in Secularization.  Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.

Grim, Brian J. and Roger Finke. 2007. “Religious Persecution in Cross-National Context: Clashing Civilizations or Regulated Religious Economies?” American Sociological Review 72: 633-58.

Wybraniec, John and Roger Finke. 2001. “Religious Regulation and the Courts: The Judiciary’s Changing Role in Protecting Minority Religions from Majoritarian Rule.” Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 40: 427-44.

The following are possible measures of Religious Regulation that can be created using data from theARDA.com
This measure assesses the extent to which a government regulates the religious economy present in the country. View related items in Measurement Wizard Scales:  
Several files in theARDA's Data Archive have examples of this Measure.
GRI_AG: Variable 6 from International Religious Freedom Data, Aggregate File
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