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Religiosity

This refers to one’s level of religious commitment. It is most commonly measured through self-report of various practices. Frequency of attendance at religious services, frequency of prayer, and reading sacred texts are all potential indicators of religiosity.  However, beliefs such as Biblical literalism can also be used as indicators of religiosity, but they are limited in their general application due to a tradition-specific relevance.  It is also worth noting that religious groups vary in the frequency with which they require certain types of practice.  Other potential measures, such as how much money a person gives to their place of worship, are occasionally used.

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Citations:

Glock, Charles Y. and Rodney Stark.  1965.  Religion and Society in Tension.  Chicago, IL: Rand McNally.

Hill, Peter C. and Ralph W. Hood, Jr. (eds).  1999. Measures of Religiosity.  Birmingham, AL: Religious Education Press.

The following are possible measures of Religiosity that can be created using data from theARDA.com
Contributors:
This measures how frequently respondents attend places of worship.  It is debatable how much measurement error is present in self-reported attendance, as people tend to over-estimate their participation (see Hadaway et al. 1993; Hout and Greeley 1998; Pressler and Stinson 1998; Smith 1998). View related items in the Measurement Wizard:
Contributors:
This measures how often a respondent prays. View related items in the Measurement Wizard:
    Examples  
Several files in theARDA's Data Archive have examples of this Measure.
Pray - 2008 General Social Survey (similar measures are available from previous waves of the GSS)
Q16 - 2005 Baylor Religion Survey
Pray_Freq - 2004 National Election Survey
Pray_Out - Spirit and Power: A 10 County Survey of Pentecostals (similar measures available in other locations)
Pray - 2005 Gallup Poll of Catholics
PrayAlon - 2007 National Study of Youth and Religion (similar measures on other waves)
DailyPry - Comparative Values Survey of Islamic Countries
Pray - Comparative Values Survey of Islamic Countries
PrayOft - 2007 Religion and Public Life Survey (similar measures on previous waves)
Pray_Out - Spirit and Power - Pentecostals in Brazil (similar measures available in other locations)
QN31A_D - Changing Faiths - Latinos and the Transformation of American Religion
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This measures how often someone reads sacred texts such as the Bible, Koran, sutras etc. View related items in the Measurement Wizard:
    Examples  
Several files in theARDA's Data Archive have examples of this Measure.
Q15 - 2005 Baylor Religion Survey
Bible Read - 2000 National Election Survey
ReadWord  - 1998 General Social Survey
ReadBibl - 2000 Religion and Politics Survey
Bible5 - 1995 Project Canada
RelCon6 - America's Evangelicals
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These questions measure how literally respondents read the Bible or other sacred scriptures.  It is debatable whether this measure taps more of a belief or an identity.  Although certainly some of both, the latter seems to be more important, as "literalists" from different interpretive communities may disagree on which parts of the Bible are to be taken literally. What is clear is that this question taps a dimension of religion important for understanding other aspects of religiosity, political attitudes, and views about moral authority more generally.  Accordingly this measure has become a standard control, along with service attendance and religious tradition.  It is also used as an indicator of fundamentalism.  Although some believers claim that belief in Biblical "inerrancy" is different, this too is typically taken to mean "literalism." Measures typically include three or four response options.  Researchers sometimes employ these as ordinal categories, while others utilize them as nominal categories. View related items in the Measurement Wizard:
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These variables measure how much a respondent gives to his or her religious congregation or organization. View related items in the Measurement Wizard:
    Examples  
Several files in the ARDA's Data Archive have examples of this Measure.
Q11 - 2005 Baylor Religion Survey CHURGIVE - 1994 Catholics in Indiana: A Social and Religious Profile GIVEN - 2003 National Study of Youth and Religion (similar measures available on other waves) CH_CONTR - 2000 National Election Study (similar measures available on other waves) See the 1993 American Congregational Giving Study For giving at the congregational level see the National Congregations Study. Search the ARDA for similar measures.
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This measures how religious a respondent considers him/herself to be. View related items in the Measurement Wizard:

View related items in Measurement Wizard Scales:

    Examples  
Several files in theARDA's Data Archive have examples of this Measure.
RelPersn - 2008 General Social Survey
ReligPer - Comparative Study of Islamic Values
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Related Theories To This Concept
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