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Mono/Multi-Racial Groups

This refers to the amount of racial and/or ethnic diversity within a religious group.  Studies in this area typically assess the differences between racially or ethnically diverse religious groups as compared to those where the vast majority of adherents are similar to one another (homophiliy).  There has also been a considerable amount of attention paid to the role of religion in racial division, as well as its potential role in increased tolerance and acceptance.


DeYoung, Curtiss P., Michael O. Emerson, George Yancey and Karen C. Kim.  2003.  United by Faith: The Multiracial Congregation as an Answer to the Problem of Race.  New York, NY: Oxford University Press.

Dougherty, Kevin D. and Kimberly R. Huyser.  2008.  “Racially Diverse Congregations: Organizational Identity and the Accommodation of Differences.”  Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion  47(1):23-43.

Edwards, Korie.  2008.  The Elusive Dream: The Power of Race in Interracial Churches.  New York, NY: Oxford University Press.

Emerson, Michael O. and Karen C. Kim.  2003.  “Multiracial Congregations: An Analysis of Their Development and a Typology.”  Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 42:217-227.

Emerson, Michael O. and Christian Smith.  2000.  Divided by Faith: Evangelical Religion and the Problem of Race in America.  New York, NY: Oxford University Press.

Emerson, Michael O. with Rodney M. Woo.  2006.  People of the Dream: Multiracial Congregations in the United States.  Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.

The following are possible measures of Mono/Multi-Racial Groups that can be created using data from theARDA.com
This refers to measures that assess the makeup of religious groups with reference to the race or ethnicity of members.  See Dougherty and Houser (2008) for detail on the construction of an "entropy index" of racial composition. View related items in the Measurement Wizard:
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