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Pentecostalism

Pentecostalism refers to a religious movement started in the United States in the early 20th century, with a pivotal event taking place during the Azusa Street Revival in 1906.  Since then, the movement has spread rapidly and globally, particularly in the Southern Hemisphere.  Although Pentecostal groups cross racial and ethnic boundaries, they are typically more popular among individuals of lower socioeconomic status.  There is a heavy emphasis placed on the “holy spirit” in the form of intensely emotive worship, religious experiences, and speaking in tongues.  Worship services are characterized by an informal and extemporaneous style.  Although there are some larger Pentecostal denominations such as Assemblies of God, but the movement is also characterized by independent, non-hierarchical congregations.

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Citations:

Cox, Harvey G. 1995. Fire from Heaven: The Rise of Pentecostal Spirituality and the Reshaping of Religion in the Twenty-First Century. Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley Publishing.

Martin, David.  2008.  Pentecostalism: The World Their Parish.  Malden, MA: Blackwell.

Miller, Donald E. and Tetsuano Yamamori.  2007.  Global Pentecostalism: The New Face of Christian Social Engagement.  Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.

Poloma, Margaret.  1982.  The Charismatic Movement: Is There A New Pentecost?  Boston, MA: Twayne Publishers.

Wacker, Grant.  2003.  Heaven Below: Early Pentecostals and American Culture.  Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

The following are possible measures of Pentecostalism that can be created using data from theARDA.com
Contributors:
Respondents reveal whether or not they have had certain religious experiences. View related items in the Measurement Wizard:
    Examples  
Several files in theARDA's Data Archive have examples of this Measure.
Reborn - 2006 General Social Survey FeelGod - 2004 General Social Survey NumRelEx - 2004 General Social Survey SP_1 - Panel Study of American Religion and Ethnicity Tongues2 - Spirit and Power: A 10-Country Survey of Pentecostals Q28 - 2005 Baylor Religion Survey
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Contributors:
These are measures that assess what types of activities occur within the context of worship services in a given religious group.  Such practices are often used to delineate between liturgical and ritualistic practices, as opposed to emotive and extemporaneous practices. View related items in the Measurement Wizard:
    Examples  
Several files in the ARDA's Data Archive have examples of this Measure.
Q125-143 - 1998 National Congregations Study
Q17-44 - 2000 Presbyterian Panel Study
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Contributors:
This divides affiliation within Protestantism into differing religious organizations.  This is a standard question available in a wide range of data sets. View related items in the Measurement Wizard:     Examples  
Several files in the ARDA's Data Archive have examples of this measure.
DENOM - 2008 General Social Survey (similar measures available in other waves)
VCF0129 - National Election Studies (cumulative data file 1948-2004)
Q1 - 2005 Baylor Religion Survey
DENOM - U.S. Religious Landscape Survey
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