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Particularism

This refers to the belief that only one’s own faith is true or that salvation can be achieved only by adherence to a particular religion.  This is sometimes referred to as (ideological) exclusivity or strictness.

The following are possible measures of Particularism that can be created using data from theARDA.com
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These questions measure how literally respondents read the Bible or other sacred scriptures.  It is debatable whether this measure taps more of a belief or an identity.  Although certainly some of both, the latter seems to be more important, as "literalists" from different interpretive communities may disagree on which parts of the Bible are to be taken literally. What is clear is that this question taps a dimension of religion important for understanding other aspects of religiosity, political attitudes, and views about moral authority more generally.  Accordingly this measure has become a standard control, along with service attendance and religious tradition.  It is also used as an indicator of fundamentalism.  Although some believers claim that belief in Biblical "inerrancy" is different, this too is typically taken to mean "literalism." Measures typically include three or four response options.  Researchers sometimes employ these as ordinal categories, while others utilize them as nominal categories. View related items in the Measurement Wizard:
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This measure approximates the extent to which respondents' religious beliefs about salvation are inclusive or exclusive of those unlike them. View related items in the Measurement Wizard:
    Examples  
Several files in the ARDA's Data Archive have examples of this Measure.
Q25 - 2005 Baylor Religion Survey
Saved - 2004 America's Evangelicals Survey
OnlyHope - 2000 Lilly Survey of Attitudes and Social Networks
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Measurements of a respondent's level of acceptance or condemnation of contact with those from a different religious of ideological persuasion.  These can be measured by asking about different contexts or scenarios. View related items in the Measurement Wizard: View related items in Measurement Wizard Scales:
    Examples  
Several files in theARDA's Data Archive have examples of this Measure.
V129 - 2005 World Values Survey 2001 International Religious Freedom Data RC_2 - Panel Study of American Religion and Ethnicity LibMslm - 2008 General Social Survey Q50 - 2005 Baylor Religion Survey
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