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This concept refers to beliefs, views, or experiences–typically perceived as supernatural in nature, but not necessarily so–that exist beyond the institutional boundaries of both science and organized religion.  This term is an umbrella that encompasses a wide range of views.  Beliefs and practices considered “New Age” or that encompass alien visitation and the existence of monsters are sometimes lumped into “the paranormal,” although Bainbridge (2004) suggests that there distinguishable constituent groups and beliefs. These views constitute an available pool of beliefs beyond institutional science, from which new religious movement sometimes draw.

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Bader, Christopher, F. Carson Mencken and Joseph O. Baker.  2010.  Paranormal America: Ghost Encounters, UFO Sightings, Bigfoot Hunts and Other Curiosities in Religion and Culture.  New York, NY:  NYU Press.

Bainbridge, William S.  2004.  “After the New Age.” Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 43(3):381-394.

Goode, Erich.  1999.  Paranormal Beliefs: A Sociological Introduction.  Prospect Heights, IL: Waveland Heights Press.

Rice, Tom W.  2003.  “Believe It or Not: Religious and Other Paranormal Beliefs in the United States.”  Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 42(1): 95-106.

The following are possible measures of Paranormal that can be created using data from theARDA.com
Questions aimed at gauging an individual's belief in and experience of the "paranormal."  Ghosts and unidentified monsters are potential topics that are covered. View related items in the Measurement Wizard: View related items in Measurement Wizard Scales:
Several files in the ARDA's Data Archive have examples of this Measure.
Q26J - 2005 Baylor Religion Survey BlfGhost - 1998 Southern Focus Poll Search the ARDA for similar measures.
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