About The ARDA | Tools | FAQs | Contact Us
Orthodoxy

Adhering to the traditional religious faith of the particular society or coherent subgroup.  This is usually assessed in reference to affirming a series of beliefs representing “traditional” religious views, such as “literalist” stances on sacred texts or belief in miracles.

A Christian orthodoxy index can be found in Stark and Glock (1968) and Batson (1976).

View related items in the Measurement Wizard:

Citations:

Batson, C. Daniel.  1976.  “Religion as Prosocial: Agent or Double Agent.”  Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 15(1):29-45.

Kirkpatrick, L. A. 1993. “Fundamentalism, Christian Orthodoxy, and Intrinsic Religious Orientation as Predictors of Discriminatory Attitudes.” Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 32:256-268.

Stark, Rodney, and Charles Y. Glock. 1968. American Piety. Berkeley: University of California Press.

The following are possible measures of Orthodoxy that can be created using data from theARDA.com
Contributors:
These questions measure how literally respondents read the Bible or other sacred scriptures.  It is debatable whether this measure taps more of a belief or an identity.  Although certainly some of both, the latter seems to be more important, as "literalists" from different interpretive communities may disagree on which parts of the Bible are to be taken literally. What is clear is that this question taps a dimension of religion important for understanding other aspects of religiosity, political attitudes, and views about moral authority more generally.  Accordingly this measure has become a standard control, along with service attendance and religious tradition.  It is also used as an indicator of fundamentalism.  Although some believers claim that belief in Biblical "inerrancy" is different, this too is typically taken to mean "literalism." Measures typically include three or four response options.  Researchers sometimes employ these as ordinal categories, while others utilize them as nominal categories. View related items in the Measurement Wizard:
Contributors:
This measure approximates the extent to which respondents' religious beliefs about salvation are inclusive or exclusive of those unlike them. View related items in the Measurement Wizard:
    Examples  
Several files in the ARDA's Data Archive have examples of this Measure.
Q25 - 2005 Baylor Religion Survey
Saved - 2004 America's Evangelicals Survey
OnlyHope - 2000 Lilly Survey of Attitudes and Social Networks
Search the ARDA for similar measures.
Contributors:
These variables can be used to explore whether or not respondents believe in a literal creation story or if creation should be taught in schools and whether they accept versions of evolutionary theory presented by contemporary science. View related items in the Measurement Wizard:     Examples  
Several files in theARDA's Data Archive have examples of this Measure.
EVOLVED - 2008 General Social Survey Humans - 2005 Religion and Public Life Survey Creation - 2005 Religion and Public Life Survey GODUSEEV - 2007-2008 National Survey of Youth and Religion (similar measures available in previous waves) Q10C - U.S. Religious Landscape Survey SCHEVOL - Religion and Public Life Survey (related questions available in same survey) CREATION - 1986 Tulsa, Oklahoma Area Survey Search the ARDA for similar measures.
Contributors:
This assesses what respondents believe about the divinity (or lack thereof) regarding Jesus. View related items in the Measurement Wizard:
    Examples  
Several files in the ARDA's Data Archive have examples of this Measure.
BELIEF3 - 1996 God and Society in North America
BELIEF4 - 1996 God and Society in North America CROSS - 1997 ABC News Religion Poll SONGOD - 1997 ABC News Religion Poll, 1997 ROSEDEAD - 1997 ABC News Religion Poll ONLYWAY - Spirit and Power: A 10-Country Survey of Pentecostals RETURN - Spirit and Power: A 10-Country Survey of Pentecostals Q24 - 2005 Baylor Religion Survey GODRVEAL - 2000Religion and Politics Survey BELRESUR - 2005 Gallup Poll of Catholics RA_5A - Panel Study of American Religion and Ethnicity JESUSCHR - 2005 National Study of Youth and Religion Search the ARDA for similar measures.
Related Theories To This Concept

Browse the additional theories below:

Contributors
QuickSearch The Knowledge-Base

To search the knowledge-base, enter a term below:

Select a Theory below to learn more:

Select a Concept below to learn more: