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New Age

Beliefs and practices classified under the label of “New Age” represent a diffuse subculture mixing spiritualist, occult, and Eastern beliefs and practices.  These views are typically syncretistic and relatively privatized in nature, dealing only peripherally with any sort of involvement with established religious groups; however, some factions of the subculture do include members who will meet periodically.  European researchers have noted the rise in these views with the decline of traditional religiosity.  The extent to which such perspectives constitute a viable new religious movement remains an open debate.

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Aupers, Stef and Dick Houtman.  2006.  “Beyond the Spiritual Supermarket: The Social and Public Significance of New Age Spirituality.”  Journal of Contemporary Religion 21(2): 201-222.

Bainbridge, William Sims. 2004. “After the New Age.” Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 43:381-394.

Heelas, Paul.  1996.  The New Age Movement: The Celebration of Self and Sacralization of Modernity.  Oxford: Blackwell.

Heelas, Paul.  2006.  “The Infirmity Debate: On the Viability of New Age Spiritualities of Life.”  Journal of Contemporary Religion 21(2):223-240.

Houtman, Dick and Peter Manscini.  2002.  “Why Do Churches Become Empty, While New Age Grows?  Secularization and Religious Change in the Netherlands.”  Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 41(3):455-473.

Roof, Wade Clark.  1993.  A Generation of Seekers: The Spiritual Journeys of the Baby Boom Generation.  San Francisco, CA: Harper San Francisco.

The following are possible measures of New Age that can be created using data from theARDA.com
A series of questions with multiple sub-questions asking for respondents' level of interaction with New Age materials and ideas.  These vary, reflecting the diffuse content of the subculture.  Bainbridge (2004) suggested that New Age, "paranormal" and UFO beliefs were all empirically distinguishable but related belief systems.  In addition to beliefs, there are measures of media consumption and experiences with regard to the New Age. View related items in the Measurement Wizard: View related items in Measurement Wizard Scales:
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