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The tendency to follow a strong leader or rigid social conventions.  This is typically assessed through a high value on traditional conventions, a belief in an “objective” morality, and the belief that this morality should be publicly enforced and/or imposed on others.


Adorno, Theodor W., Else Frenkel-Brunswik, Daniel Levinson, and Nevitt Sanford. 1950. The Authoritarian Personality. New York: Harper.

Photiadis, John D., and Arthur L. Johnson. 1963. “Orthodoxy, Church Participation, and Authoritarianism.” American Journal of Sociology 69:244-248.

The following are possible measures of Authoritarianism that can be created using data from theARDA.com
A battery of questions was developed to assess traits posited as aspects of an "authoritarian personality."  The battery examines a range of dimensions, but in general it attempts to determine levels of submission to authority and adherence to conventional or traditional values, accompanied by the belief that such values should be enforced on others.  A separate personality dimension called "social dominance" has also been proposed in order to explain the sources of prejudice.   
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